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大家可以搜索 " 明日科學 " 和 " 科技新報 " 這兩個專頁 ,有很多AI 和 奈米技術的新聞資訊。
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本帖最後由 NEO 於 2018-1-6 22:58 編輯

有沒有看過<<The Matrix>>,第一部有一幕是說主角尼奧被救後在電磁飛艇上學功夫,那種學習方式不是傳統的長期訓練,而是把人腦透過腦機介面連線到電腦系統中,直接把資訊灌入腦部,DAPRA打算把這種技術實現出來,搞不好又是SSP內的黑科技檯面化。


DARPA Is Planning to Hack the Human Brain to Let Us “Upload” Skills

DARPA計劃駭入人腦讓我們“上傳”技能。

The DARPA Targeted Neuroplasticity Training (TNT) program is exploring ways to speed up skill acquisition by activating synaptic plasticity. If the program succeeds, downloadable learning that happens in a flash may be the result.

DARPA目標神經可塑性訓練(TNT)計劃正在探索通過激活突觸可塑性來加速技能獲取的方法。 如果程序成功,則可能會導致發生在閃存中的可下載學習。


MINDHACK FOR FASTER LEARNING

思想駭入是為了更快速地學習。

In March 2016, DARPA — the U.S. military’s “mad science” branch — announced their Targeted Neuroplasticity Training (TNT) program. The TNT program aims to explore various safe neurostimulation methods for activating synaptic plasticity, which is the brain’s ability to alter the connecting points between neurons — a requirement for learning. DARPA hopes that building up that ability by subjecting the nervous system to a kind of workout regimen will enable the brain to learn more quickly.

2016年3月,美國軍方的“瘋狂科學”部門DARPA宣布了他們的目標神經可塑性訓練(TNT)計劃。 TNT項目旨在探索激活突觸可塑性的各種安全的神經刺激方法,這是大腦改變神經元之間連接點的能力 - 學習的要求。 DARPA希望通過對神經系統進行一種鍛煉方案來增強這種能力,使大腦更快地學習。


The ideal end benefit for this kind of breakthrough would be downloadable learning. Rather than needing to learn, for example, a new language through rigorous study and practice over a long period of time, we could basically “download” the knowledge after putting our minds into a highly receptive, neuroplastic state. Clearly, this kind of research would benefit anyone, but urgent military missions can succeed or fail based on the timing. In those situations, a faster way to train personnel would be a tremendous boon.

這種突破的理想最終收益將是可下載的學習。 通過長期嚴格的學習和練習,我們不需要學習,例如,一種新的語言,我們可以基本上“下載”知識後,把我們的頭腦進入一個高度接受,神經塑性狀態。 顯然,這種研究對任何人都有好處,但緊急的軍事任務可以根據時機成功或失敗。 在這種情況下,加快人員培訓的方式將是一個巨大的好處。


FIRST NEUROSTIMULATION, THEN APPLICATION

第一次神經刺激,然後應用。


As part of the TNT program, DARPA is funding eight projects at seven institutions. All projects are part of a coordinated effort that will first study the fundamental science undergirding brain plasticity and will conclude with human trials. The first portion of the TNT program will work to unravel the neural mechanisms that allow nerve stimulation to influence brain plasticity. The second portion of the program will practically apply what has been learned in a variety of training exercises.

作為TNT計劃的一部分,DARPA正在資助七個機構的八個項目。 所有的項目都是協調努力的一部分,首先將研究基礎科學的大腦可塑性,並以人體試驗結束。 TNT計劃的第一部分將解開允許神經刺激影響大腦可塑性的神經機制。 該計劃的第二部分實際上將應用在各種訓練演習中學到的東西。


To ensure the work stays practical, foreign language specialists, intelligence analysts, and others who train personnel now will work with researchers to help refine the TNT platform to suit military training needs. Researchers will compare the efficacy of using an implanted device to stimulate the brain versus non-invasive stimulation. They will also explore both the ethics of enhanced learning through neurostimulation and ways to avoid side effects and potential risks.

為確保工作的實施,外語專家,情報分析人員和其他培訓人員的人員將與研究人員合作,幫助完善TNT平台,以適應軍事訓練需求。 研究人員將比較使用植入裝置刺激大腦與非侵入性刺激的功效。 他們還將探索通過神經刺激加強學習的道德規範,以及避免副作用和潛在風險的方法。


“The Defense Department operates in a complex, interconnected world in which human skills such as communication and analysis are vital, and the Department has long pushed the frontiers of training to maximize those skills,” Doug Weber, the TNT Program Manager, said in a DARPA press release. “DARPA’s goal with TNT is to further enhance the most effective existing training methods so the men and women of our Armed Forces can operate at their full potential.”“

國防部在一個複雜的,相互聯繫的世界中運作,在這個世界中,溝通和分析等人的技能是至關重要的,而且該部長期以來一直在推動培訓的最前沿,以最大限度地發揮這些技能。”TNT項目經理Doug Weber在 DARPA新聞稿。 “DARPA與TNT的目標是進一步提高最有效的現有訓練方法,使我們的武裝部隊男女能夠充分發揮其作用。”


If the TNT program succeeds, striving to be all you can be may mean learning at a much faster pace, and not just for military personnel. Downloadable learning may be one of the ways we achieve next-level humanity.

如果TNT計劃成功了,努力成為所有人可能意味著以更快的速度學習,而不僅僅是軍事人員。 可下載的學習可能是我們實現下一代人性化的途徑之一。


https://futurism.com/darpa-is-planning-to-hack-the-human-brain-to-let-us-upload-skills/

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本帖最後由 NEO 於 2018-1-13 21:49 編輯

美國政府已經開綠燈允許人類胚胎進行基因改造


自從 CRISPR 基因編輯技術出現,它背後的道德及倫理問題一直備受爭議,而科學界的立場一直比較謹慎和保守;研究人員雖然明白到這一技術的潛力,但基因編輯始終對人類未來的影響十分重大,絕不能輕率而行。

不過,美國國家科學院(NAS)今年一份報告顯示,科學界在這個問題的立場已經開始軟化。研究委員會的主席阿爾塔沙羅(Alta Charo)指出:人類基因組編輯對幫助理解、治療或預防許多破壞性的遺傳疾病,以及改善許多其他疾病有巨大的作用。然而,通過基因組編輯來提高人們的某些特性或能力,而不是追求正常健康,則令人擔憂,令人疑問這科技的益處是否超過有關的風險,以及公平性的問題。




https://tomorrowsci.com/medicine/美國科學院-支持-人類胚胎-進行-基因改造/
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